Nicknamed the Mother City, Cape Town is the capital of the Western Cape Province and is the legislative center of South Africa. The city is part of the Cape Town Municipality, which has about 2.9 million inhabitants. It is the second largest city in the country after Johannesburg. Located in the southwestern tip of South Africa, the city was originally a refreshment station for Dutch ships bound for East Africa, the Indies or the Far East. It was also one of the first permanent European settlements south of the Sahara. Cape Town grew from a small port town to the largest city in South Africa, but lost this place to Johannesburg in 1887 due to the gold rush to the Witwatersrand. The 2001 census showed that Cape Town was the largest Afrikaans-speaking community in South Africa with 1.2 million people.
Thanks to its nature and location at the foot of the famous Table Mountain, Cape Town is a popular international destination for tourists.
In Cape Town, both Dutch and English domination is still clearly visible today in the Dutch and Victorian architecture. This makes it an important tourist destination.
-The Groote Kerk stands on a plot where the first church in South Africa was founded in 1678. The current building is the third and dates back to the year 1836.
-On the square between Herengracht and Adderley Street in Cape Town, a statue of Mary stands opposite the statue of Jan van Riebeeck, founder of South Africa. This statue was donated by the Dutch state in 1952 to commemorate Jan van Riebeeck's arrival at the Cape of Good Hope (1652).
-Victoria & Alfred Waterfront located on the water; the main draw of the city with shops and other tourist attractions.
-Robben Island an island off the coast where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years.
-Table Mountain located on the western cape overlooks Cape Town. The highest points of Table Mountain are more than 1000 meters above the water level. The mountain can be climbed in different ways. There is also a funicular to the top.
-Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden
-Two Oceans Aquarium
-The District Six Museum
-Groentemarkplein (Greenmarket Square), including the old town hall
-Cape Beaches: Clifton Bay, Camps Bay, Bloubergstrand
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